Climate promises remain “far from” sustainable for 1.5C: UN

PARIS: According to a United Nations report released on Wednesday, international climate plans remain far off track to restrict temperature rises to 1.5 degrees Celsius, less than two weeks before high-stakes discussions to combat global warming.

The combined climate promises of more than 190 nations that signed the 2015 Paris climate agreement indicate that the Earth would warm by approximately 2.5 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels by the end of the century, according to the UN.

Experts assert that despite the fact that the planet has already been ravaged by climate-enhanced heatwaves, storms, and floods after only 1.2C of warming, the international community is failing to act with sufficient urgency to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Simon Stiell stated, “We are still a long way from the scale and pace of emission reductions required to put us on a path toward a 1.5-degree Celsius world.”

To maintain this objective, national governments must strengthen and implement their climate action programs during the next eight years.

The UN’s climate scientists have stated that, relative to 2010 levels, emissions must decrease by 45 percent by 2030 in order to reach the more aggressive aim of the Paris agreement.

According to the UN’s most recent study, current global government promises will raise emissions by 10.6 percent between 2010 and 2030. This analysis was marginally superior to a similar one conducted a year ago.

When governments convened in Glasgow last year for a previous round of climate discussions, they decided to expedite their climate pledges to reduce carbon pollution in this decade and to increase financial flows to developing nations that are most vulnerable.

At the time of the report, however, only 24 countries out of 193 had updated their plans, which Stiell described as “disappointing.”

“Government decisions and actions must reflect the level of urgency, the severity of the risks we face, and the limited time we have left to avert the catastrophic effects of runaway climate change,” he said.

Before the UN climate meeting, which will be place from November 6 to 18 in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, he urged states to reassess and enhance their carbon-cutting strategies in accordance with the Paris temperature goals.

In the shadow of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and cascading worldwide problems of food, oil prices, and living costs, worsened by catastrophic weather, nations are gathering.

According to research conducted by the World Resources Institute, for the world to hit the 1.5C warming limit by 2030, emissions must be reduced six times faster than the current trend.

Australia and Indonesia have provided “some momentum” by increasing their climate pledges since the last round of UN climate negotiations, according to Taryn Fransen of the World Resources Institute. This year, the European Union, Chile, Turkey, and Vietnam are expected to make additional climate pledges.

She stated that the United States, the world’s second largest emitter, took a “huge stride” this year with its new comprehensive climate and inflation bill, and encouraged China, the world’s largest emitter, to make a particular goal to reduce planet-warming methane pollution.

“Transformative reaction”

A second report released by the United Nations on Wednesday examined the “net-zero” climate objectives proposed by dozens of nations for the second half of this century.

If all policies were fully implemented, these countries’ greenhouse gas emissions would be 68 percent lower in 2050 compared to 2019 levels.

“We are in a race against time,” said Sameh Shoukry, Egyptian Minister of Foreign Affairs and President-Designate of the next COP27 negotiations at the United Nations.

Countries must do more, he stated, adding that “alarming findings warrant a revolutionary reaction” in Egypt.

Scientists have cautioned that any temperature increase above 1.5C might lead to the collapse of ecosystems and permanent changes in the climate system.

In light of the fact that the repercussions are most severe in nations that are least responsible for fossil fuel pollution, calls for wealthy polluters to compensate vulnerable nations for “loss and damage” have increased in volume.

The 195-nation Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) of the United Nations cautioned this year in a landmark report on climate impacts and vulnerabilities that time was running out to assure a “livable future” for all.

This report was approved by the same countries that will return to Egypt for further negotiations.