Human Rights violations in Indian-Administered Kashmir

Blog by: Yasmeen Aftab Ali

Hell has unleashed in Jammu & Kashmir since the abrogation of Article 370 by Modi government. Large armed contingents had moved in before this was done in anticipation of protests.

Governments around the world have turned a blind eye and a deaf ear to the havoc being created upon the Kashmiris. Iran is the one country that has supported the Kashmiris’ struggle in occupied Indian Kashmir. Ali Mathari, presented the resolution said that all the Muslim countries including Iran had an important responsibility regarding the oppressed Kashmiri Muslims and the Kashmir dispute. Pakistan has raised her voice on many forums but has largely been ignored.

Responsible people from around the world have and are speaking up for the plight of the fate met out to Kashmiris in OIK.

Ilhan Omar, tweeting on August 26th:

“We should be calling for an immediate restoration of communication; respect for human rights, democratic norms, and religious freedom; and de-escalation in Kashmir. International organizations should be allowed to fully document what is happening on the ground.”

It is a fact that politics around the world are driven by economics. Regional, international alliances take the front seat with humanity relegated to sub-text.

India’s lock-down of Jammu & Kashmir denying the people freedom to expression, peaceful protest and refusing international agencies, even India’s opposition politicians from entering the Occupied Jammu & Kashmir has created concerns around the globe. Cable TV, internet, landlines-all are shut down. The two week deadline for this lock down has already passed with no easing in view.

The Modi government has taken away the semi-autonomous status of Kashmir thus allowing non-citizens to buy property-aimed at tipping the population balance before 2020-21 elections.

According to Washington Post, “A point of contention arose over whether there was a large-scale protest on Aug. 9 after Friday prayers. First, the Indian government denied the protest took place at all. Verified video from that day shows protests did occur. Fact-checkers in India geo-located the protests to the Jenab Saeb mosque in Srinagar, Kashmir. And signs referring to Article 370 verify that these protests were in response to the recent decision, not old video that had resurfaced. The Indian government ultimately walked back its claim.” (August 23, 2019)

The OHCHR report recently released states, “ The Srinagar Jammu and Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society reported that conflict-related casualties were the highest in 2018 since 2008, with 586 people killed, including 267 members of armed groups, 159 security forces personnel, and 160 civilians. The Indian government asserted that 238 militants, 86 security forces personnel, and 37 civilians were killed.”

In July 2018, the Indian state government of Jammu and Kashmir amended section 10 of the Public Safety Act, removing the prohibition on detaining permanent residents of Jammu and Kashmir outside the state. At least 40 people, mainly separatist political leaders, were transferred to prisons outside the state in 2018, the OHCHR said. It said that transferring detainees outside the state makes it harder for family members to visit and for legal counsel to meet with them. It also noted that prisons outside the state were considered hostile for Kashmiri Muslim detainees, especially separatist leaders.

Another report by an organization states, “Arbitrary detention and so-called “cordon and search operations” leading to a range of human rights violations, continue to be deeply problematic, as do the special legal regimes applying to Indian-Administered Kashmir. The Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act 1990 (AFSPA) remains a key obstacle to accountability,” the report says. “Section 7 of the AFSPA prohibits the prosecution of security forces personnel unless the Government of India grants a prior permission or ‘sanction’ to prosecute. In nearly three decades that the law has been in force in Jammu and Kashmir, there has not been a single prosecution of armed forces personnel granted by the central government. The Indian Army has also been resisting efforts to release details of trials conducted by military courts where soldiers were initially found guilty but later acquitted and released by a higher military tribunal.”

Videos and pictures of Occupied Indian Occupied Kashmir contradict Indian claim that “all is under control in Jammu & Kashmir.”

Brigadier Imran Malik in his recent Op-Ed asks, “Is PM Modi replicating what Hitler did to the Jews in the last century? Is he aping PM Netanyahu and his policies in Palestine in this one? Has the world not learned its bitter lessons from the appeasement of bullying fascists? Post- World War Two, the US led West has been inconsistent in deal­ing with fascist and genocidal regimes. It has been very lenient in Palestine/ME and very tardy and hesitant in Srebrenica and Rwanda. The world now stands askance wondering where the US-led West’s and the oil rich Arab monarchies’ values will stand – for their crass economic and commercial interests in a belligerent, genocidal and expansionist India or with human­ity, humanitarian values, a Rules-based International Order and above all with the Right of Self Determination for peoples under brutal military occupations!”

The world governments need to wake up to this human disaster, the illegal takeover of OIK- lest history judges them in harshest terms.

The writer is a lawyer, academic and political analyst. She has authored a book titled ‘A Comparative Analysis of Media & Media Laws in Pakistan.’ She can be contacted at: yasmeenali62@gmail.com and tweets at @yasmeen_9

1 Comment
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