India ranked 8th among countries at highest risk of mass killing in 2022-23: US Study

India has been ranked eighth among countries that are at the highest risk of mass killing in 2022-23, a United States-based study has said.

“There is a 7.4% – or approximately one in 14 – chance of a new mass killing beginning in India in 2022-2023,” the Early Warning Project, which identifies countries at risk of mass violence, has said in its report released in November.

The Simon-Skjodt Center for the Prevention of Genocide at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and the Dickey Center for International Understanding at Dartmouth College have conducted a joint study regarding the deteriorating situation in India.

One of the objectives of the report states, “This assessment identifies the risk, the possibility that a mass killing may take place.” The report defines mass killing as a phenomenon when 1,000 or more people are killed by the armed forces over a period of a year or less, due to their affiliation to a particular group.

Nearly all cases of genocide include mass killings, if they match this definition.

As per the 2021-22 report, India was placed second among 15 countries for a study conducted in the last five years. Freedom of movement for men is one of the parameters upon which the countries are ranked. If this variable had remained the same even this year, India would have been ranked first in this year’s assessment, with an 11% increase in risk said the report.

Other parameters used for the analysis are geographic region, population; socioeconomic measures (changes in gross domestic product per capita); measures of governance (restrictions on political candidates and parties); levels of human rights (freedom of movement); and records of violent conflict (battle-related deaths, ongoing mass killings).

The study also highlights several instances of atrocities against Muslims under the current government of BJP headed by Modi and Amit Shah.