The world’s oceans are rich in natural resources, covering an area of about 360 million square kilometers and covering about 70 percent of the earth’s surface. Valuable resources at sea include gas, copper, iron, cobalt, various metals and crude oil.
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History shows that the earliest forms of maritime trade came into being 2,000 years ago.
Rich in natural resources, the oceans are also the cheapest and best way to connect different parts of the world. In view of the usefulness of the oceans, when mankind turned its attention to the benefits of the oceans, they became aware of these resources as well as the voyages, and thus formed the initial characteristics of sea travel. Initially, knowledge of shipping and maritime resources was limited, which led to the development of commercial voyage and maritime research.
History shows that the earliest forms of maritime trade came into being 2,000 years ago. With the advent of shipping, looting began to occur in the seas. As maritime trade progressed and advances in the discovery of maritime resources progressed, so did the dangers at sea. Enemies of maritime peace were exposed to piracy, maritime terrorism, and illegal migration at sea. He used negative activities like pregnancy as his ploy. Anti-social elements spread rapidly in the world and organized themselves to such an extent that they became a constant threat to maritime peace. Today, many seaports are home to pirates, including the Gulf of Aden, the coastal regions of Somalia and Nigeria, the Straits of Malacca and the Indian Ocean.
In view of the above scenario and the current modern challenges, many nations have made strenuous efforts to eradicate the scourge of piracy, but these efforts have not yielded significant results. After the failure of individual efforts, the world has come to realize that no nation alone can stop piracy, maritime terrorism and smuggling by sea. In order to protect the global economic system from maritime threats and to protect national maritime resources, the maritime countries are coming together on a platform to come up with a common thinking and a common strategy. The global navy has a huge responsibility to ensure that.
The Pakistan Navy is fully aware of the economic and geographical importance of the Indian Ocean, especially the Arabian Sea. In order to ensure regional and global maritime peace and stability, the Pakistan Navy has not only established strong ties with the regional navies but is also playing a leading role in global efforts to establish maritime security. In this regard, the conduct of bilateral, trilateral and multinational naval exercises is a specialty of the Pakistan Navy. The naval exercise “AMAN”, which is conducted every two years by the UN, is of great importance.
The Pakistan Navy is fully aware of the economic and geographical importance of the Indian Ocean, especially the Arabian Sea.
The Pakistan Navy took a commendable step in 2007 which was dubbed the naval exercise “AMAN”. The first in a series of peacekeeping exercises was held in March 2007 in which navies from 28 countries around the world participated along with ships, aircraft, special operations forces, explosive ordnance disposal teams and observers. As a result of the encouraging participation of international forces in the first peace exercise, the Pakistan Navy decided to hold this exercise every two years and thus the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th peace exercises were held in the Arabian Sea in 2013, 2011, 2009, 2017 and 2019, respectively. It is worth mentioning here that the number of navies participating in each exercise has been increasing and this initiative of Pakistan Navy has been well received at the international level.
The 6th Pakistan Navy Peace Exercise was held in the Arabian Sea from 8 to 12 February 2019 in which 64 countries participated including their aircrafts, aircraft, helicopters, Special Operations Forces Marines, explosives disposal teams and observers. The seventh round of peace talks is being held on February 21, 2021 in which more than forty countries are expected to participate.
Naval exercise “AMAN-2021” will consist of two phases Harbor and Sea Phase. During the defeat, the participating navies will be given ample opportunities to interact with each other so that they can fully demonstrate their capabilities and joint operations during the Sea Phase. Activities during the Harbor Phase will include ships from different countries and demonstrations of professionalism by Marines teams. Holding the International Maritime Conference is also one of the important activities of the exercise. The most important phase of the exercise is the C phase of the exercise in which the ships of the International Navy build an iron wall in the Arabian Sea and send a clear message to the enemy of humanity that we must work for peace in the “sea” of our common heritage, races are united.
The full participation of international forces in these exercises is also a testament to the fact that modern, talented and powerful countries of the world consider the efforts of Pakistan Navy for peace in the region to be fruitful and for maritime peace and stability.
It is an extraordinary feat to host naval officers and men, ships, aircraft, helicopters, special operations forces, explosive ordnance disposal teams and international observers from more than 40 countries and to conduct such a large naval exercise. The traditional hospitality of people from different cultures and traditions from around the world, highlighting the true identity of Pakistan and building trust during this exercise will surely have a positive impact on world maritime peace, especially peace and security in the Indian Ocean.
The regular conduct of naval exercises will help in highlighting the true identity of Pakistan while providing an excellent platform for uniting common thinking and global efforts to achieve maritime peace and stability. The full participation of international forces in these exercises is also a testament to the fact that modern, talented and powerful countries of the world consider the efforts of Pakistan Navy for peace in the region to be fruitful and for maritime peace and stability. The Navy is ready to fully support these efforts.
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