Depression: Is it a Hereditary or Environmental disease?

Depression has become a surprisingly common disease worldwide. In the past, it was considered wrong to talk about it, but now people’s thinking is changing. Psychiatric illnesses are getting as much attention as they need.

Depression is a mood-related illness that severely affects daily activities such as “eating, drinking, sleeping, waking up and social attitudes.” Depression can take many forms, such as seasonal, postpartum, and permanent depression.

According to Dr. Murad Musa Khan, a professor of psychology at the Aga Khan Medical University in Karachi, most mental illnesses are caused by hereditary diseases and the conditions and environment around each individual.

“If any of your siblings, parents, or any other relative have been suffering from depression, chances are it could be you”.

The persistence of symptoms for up to two weeks is usually an important factor in diagnosing depression. But I think this period is about 2 years. Symptoms include:

  • Feeling sad
  • Hopelessness
  • Impatience
  • Severe lack of energy
  • Decreased ability to think
  • Lack or excess of sleep
  • Loss of appetite or excess
  • Suicidal thoughts

The constant presence of all these symptoms at the time of diagnosis is not necessary but having some of them is enough to diagnose. Even these minor symptoms are capable of affecting human life.

Sometimes patients with depression adopt social separation which may be the first sign of depression. Psychological, genetic, or environmental factors are among the preferred elements of depression.

The most common depression is a disease after 20 years, but in the distant past, it is also found in the 11-to 20-year class. But depression is a treatable disease called psychotherapy and medical needs can be solved with medicine.

The effect of depression medications called antidepressants comes after 2 to 4 weeks of use so they should not leave suddenly because of this long-term effect because they leave these drugs at once without consulting their physicians not free from danger. Many medications, such as antidepressants, should be released with a sigh of relief.

By the way, antidepressants are the only permanent treatment for depression, but psychotherapy can also help to find the real cause of depression. Hormonal manipulation is also a major cause of depression but emotional causes can also cause depression.

Counseling with a competent and professional doctor is extremely important to achieve a positive mental state.

Depression creates feelings of hopelessness in a person but this situation is treatable so it should not be seen with despair at all. Regular use of medicine can make the sun of hope shine again in human life which improves human relationships.

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The opinion has been contributed by Jahantab Ahmad Siddiqui. The writer can be reached at @JahantabSiddiqi

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