The United Nations (UN) has warned that rapid climate change is causing a dramatic intensification of global drought tragedies, which could affect agricultural production, global drinking water reserves and other unavoidable aspects of human development.
According to the details, a special report has been revealed by the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) by the name “Special Report on Drought 2021” which provides an overview of the risk of drought.
The report warns that climate change-related droughts will worsen the impact on the planet’s livelihoods and people’s livelihoods. Drought has affected more people worldwide than any other natural disaster in the last 40 years, UN researchers say.
The UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Disaster Risk Reduction, Mami Mizutori, says the drought has so far directly affected 1.5 billion people this century. Drought, she says, reduces the land’s ability to grow crops and affects yields.
Furthermore, she says the changing rate and continuity of rainfall is a threat to 70% of the world’s rain-dependent agriculture.
According to the UN envoy, rising global temperatures mean an increase in populations without access to clean water and sanitation. This will increase the risk of disease transmission, water shortages will lead to conflicts and people will have to move from one place to another.
The World Health Organization (WHO) considers drought to be extremely damaging to livestock and crops in almost every part of the world. According to a WHO report, water scarcity affects 40 percent of the world’s population.
The agency estimates that about 700 million people are at risk of displacement by 2030 due to the drought.
“We are not seeing any increase in the severity of the drought,” said Roger Polarity, the report’s lead author, citing statistics, but he also says that wherever the drought appears, it is facing a changing situation.
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