Afghanistan’s future still poses a challenge to the world that ranges from high human values to regional and global peace and the credibility of the United Nations.
On the one hand, the armed intervention of two superpowers in a row for four decades and the devastation caused by the civil war in Afghanistan is waiting for the Afghans to return to their homes and live in peace. On the other hand, there are countries in the region that are suffering from long-standing unrest in their neighborhoods.
On the third side is a country like Pakistan, which is most affected by the situation in Afghanistan. On the fourth side are the powers that see their own interest in the resurrection in Afghanistan and its negative effects on its neighbors, while the condition of the region is such that its peace may no longer bear the horrific effects of the volcano burning in Afghanistan.
Afghanistan’s future is a major challenge for both, China and Pakistan have been considering because the repetition of this experience of the past cannot be acceptable to any peace-loving country, including Pakistan and China, which has faced the sudden withdrawal of the Soviet Union.
It is a matter of fact that, in the modern history of the United Nations, Afghanistan is the only country that has been at war for almost half a decade. The war in Afghanistan began with Russian intervention. After Russia’s withdrawal, a power struggle broke out between the Taliban and other Afghan armed groups. The Taliban won the civil war and ruled Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001.
The tragedy of September 11 took place during the Taliban regime, after which the US-led NATO forces launched a new war in Afghanistan. The war has come to an end with an agreement between the Taliban and the United States after nearly two decades.
As a result of this agreement, the process of withdrawal of foreign forces from Afghanistan began and now the withdrawal of US and NATO forces from Afghanistan is almost complete. With this withdrawal, Afghanistan has fallen victim to a new civil war. The Afghan Taliban has launched a campaign to seize various parts of Afghanistan in the wake of the withdrawal of NATO forces. At present, about 200 districts and 20 provincial capitals of Afghanistan are under the control of the Afghan Taliban.
The recent actions of the Afghan Taliban are of concern to the world in general and to neighboring countries and Central Asia in particular. Central Asian states fear that armed individuals and groups from Afghanistan will enter nearby countries as a result of the civil war.
Recent Afghan Taliban operations have also strengthened the possibility that the Afghan Taliban may return to power. Based on the previous experience of the Taliban government, concerns are also being expressed that under the Taliban government, citizens will be deprived of their basic rights. Although Taliban spokesmen are dismissing all these possibilities and assuring that no human and civil rights, including women’s education, will be taken away during their rule, the world is not ready to erase the bitter memories of the past in this regard.
In my point of view; if the Taliban come to power, it is very possible that their style of governing will be slightly different from the past. In addition to this, the Afghan Taliban is, of course, now political forces, their style of governing is likely to be different from the past, given the past two decades of war, international outreach, and international criticism.
The Afghan Taliban and the Afghan National Army are rivals in the current civil war in Afghanistan, but I think if no agreement is reached between the Afghan government and the Taliban, the civil war could escalate.
According to international media, local armed groups in Afghanistan such as the Zulfiqar Omid group, Abdul Ghani Alipur group, etc. and dozens of other such armed groups have become active against the Taliban. Afghan women have also recently taken up arms in protest. The protest was a symbolic expression against the Taliban.
The problem of Afghanistan is a political issue, so a political solution must be found. To me, the right thing to do is for all parties, including the Taliban, to come up with a new Afghan constitution. This will certainly be a difficult step for both sides, as such an agreement will inevitably result in a loss for both sides, but it will be worth less than a new war anyway. If the parties do not agree to such an agreement, then, as in the 1990s, power will decide Afghanistan’s future. And at the end, it should be noted that the time also demands that the Afghan conflict be resolved without delay. Otherwise, the possibility of a worsening situation cannot be ruled out.
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