June 5, 2021: BaaghiTV: Following the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his Companions, every year on the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah, the shroud of the Ka’bah is changed.
The cover, which is decorated with black and Qur’anic verses, is changed on the same date every year, because the pilgrims spend that day in the field of Arafat for the most important part of the Hajj, the Waqf of ‘Arafah, and the Ka’bah is not crowded, but like every cell. This year too, the cover of the Ka’bah, which is the ornament of the Ka’bah, has been completed.
History of the shroud of the Ka’bah: Abraham (peace be upon him) set foot in the barren and desolate valley of Makkah. From then until today, until the Day of Judgment, this farewell became the Ka’bah of Allah for mankind and the Qibla for Muslims. Abraham (peace be upon him) and his infant set foot in the valley with his mother Hajara. After Abraham’s departure, Hagar began to wander in this valley in search of water for her infant. Suddenly a fountain of water gushed out from under Ishmael’s heel. It was called Zam Zam and it is still forgotten today.
When Abraham returned to Mecca, his son Ishmael was 30 years old. According to Tabari and Tarikh al-Umm al-Muluk, both father and son laid the foundations of the Ka’bah by the command of Allah. It is mentioned in the historical books that he also prepared the shroud of the Ka’bah. At that time, the Kaaba was a small building. The ‘Tuba’ king made the shroud of the Ka’bah. For the first time, a door was opened in the Kaaba. According to the historical books, Taba made a leather cover which was dark brown in color. According to historical traditions, the number of colors of the shroud of the Kaaba is seven. Covers of khaki, red, white, yellow, green, black and gold were made. The black cover was used for the longest time in the history of the Kaaba.
Sometimes a cover of more than one color at a time. One was the primary color and the other was used for decoration. The golden age on black cloth is the age after Islam. Quranic verses or other sacred phrases were written on the black cloth. At present, the two colors of the shroud of the Ka’bah, white and red, are used for its decoration. Yemeni clothes are white and red. The shroud of the Ka’bah is made of pure silk. Different layers are made under the top of the cover and it has a good weight which is not easy to lift. The period of covering the Kaaba has also been different. In recent times, the shroud of the Kaaba is changed every year. In the past, the shroud of the Kaaba has been changed three times a year.
The most famous dates for the change of the shroud of the Ka’bah are Ashura Day, 1st Rajab, 27th Ramadan, Al-Tarwiyah Day and the Day of Sacrifice. When the Holy Prophet (sws) entered the city as the conqueror of Makkah, the shroud made by the Quraysh of Makkah was the adornment of the Ka’bah. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not change it but kept it. When part of the shroud of the Ka’bah was burnt by a woman spraying perfume in the Ka’bah, you made a new shroud of white and red Yemeni cloth.
After the Prophet (peace be upon him), his caliphs Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq and Umar Farooq made a white shroud of the Ka’bah. It was called Qabati. It was a very thin cloth made in Egypt. In the time of Hazrat Umar, the shroud was made and changed twice a year from the treasury. After the change in his time, the first cover was placed with Sheba bin Usman Al-Hajji. In the Fatimid era, Kiswah was yellow. In the time of Muhammad ibn Sabkatgin, a yellow silk cloth was made. Against Abbasi, Nasir used green silk and then black silk which continues to this day.
For centuries before the Saudi era, cloth for kiswah came from Egypt. During the reign of King Abdul Aziz, a separate department was established for Kiswah and for the first time cloth was made for it in Mecca. His factory was later relocated to Umm al-Jawd. The water is purified in this factory, which washes the silk used in Kiswah. Silk is later dyed black and green and special chemicals are used. Cotton fabrics are washed and dyed in the same way. The cotton lining is also washed and the silk is painted black on the outside and green on the inside. Each person needs 670 kg of natural silk.
To ensure the strength of silk and yarn threads, they are subjected to various tests to cope with weather conditions and deterioration. Silver-plated yarns are also tested to ensure their strength. To ensure the suitability and high quality of As far as the fabrication of machines is concerned, modern jacquard machines have been installed in the respective complexes to make Quranic verses and black silk cloth on which verses and prayers are written. Quranic verses and supplications are extracted by machines on the shroud of the Kaaba. In addition to silk, gold wire is used for this purpose. These machines use 9986 threads per meter, so that the kiswa can be made in record time.
The cost of the shroud of the Ka’bah has historically been related to the finances of the rulers of Mecca. But every ruler has tried to make the best cover. Coptic cloth from Yemen and Egypt has been used for this purpose. The Kaaba has also been covered with a carpet-like fabric. On the occasion of Hajj, the traditional shroud of the Ka’bah is raised 3 meters and the lower part is covered with a white cotton cloth. The purpose is to keep the kiswa clean and prevent it from exploding. There have been incidents in the past where pilgrims used to cut a piece of it as a blessing. Now it is forbidden.
The old cover is taken off and cut into small pieces. It is presented as a gift to Muslim leaders and special institutions visiting Saudi Arabia. Kiswah pieces are offered for sale on some private websites.
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