The Perils and Consequences of Overpopulation

Overpopulation has become a humongous problem of almost all countries of the world. It badly impacts the development of a country. It does not only give a huge dent to the resources of the country but also reduces the food insecurity. Besides, education, healthcare facilities and law and order situations are affected too. However, in few counties the birth rate has been controlled. Governments of China and Brazil are playing an active role to curb the fast growing population by taking strict measures.

Population is defined as ‘the number of people living in a particular area’. Every country has to balance its population with the resources of that country. If population surpluses its resources, it would affect the progress made by the country. It is witnessed that the countries with high resources and low population are developed, whereas the countries with low resources and high population are poor and retrograded that is why every country tries to reduce birth rate up to its minimum level or to increase its resources to meet requirements of its denizens.

Overpopulation harms the country from many directions because population has paramount importance in the field of development. A famous sociologist said: “Overpopulation is bomb that is more dangerous than atomic bomb.” Country like Japan had experienced two atom bombs, but it survived. And today, she has become number one in the field of technology, leaving rest of the countries of the World. No country can progress with high burden of its inhabitants.

Food insecurity is the worst consequence of fast growing population. If the total food production remains constant while the number of consumers increases, it would cause serious crisis like hunger. Medical experts believe that food deficiency in infant’s body impacts badly; it disturbs the mental and physical growth which may cause either life time disability or even death. According to research conducted by a non-government organization, the infant mortality rate in Thar -an area of Sindh, Pakistan- is very high due to food deficiency. Same situation also prevails in other poor countries of Africa like Zimbabwe, Kenya and many others.

As population increases, it becomes difficult for the country to provide good education and healthcare facilities to its inhabitants because huge population needs huge number of schools with large number of teachers and other staff. But, the government has the little amount of money to address the educational problem. As a result, a high-populated country is compelled to tackle with high illiteracy rate.

As far as healthcare is concerned, more population needs big and well furnished hospitals with up to date technology to cure the diseases. But because of huge population, government spends money on small number of hospitals but not as much money as needed to update them. Still, a large number of hospitals having poor healthcare facilities are unable to cure the fatal diseases; therefore the highly-populated country is the home of many diseases like polio, malaria, typhoid, diabetes, cancer and many others.

The steps to reduce the fast growing population must be taken by all countries so that they can meet their all needs. China’s policy to control population has got success. Steps must be taken to educate the inhabitants about the affects of high population and give them guidelines about family planning. Besides, governments should also expand the resources to create jobs and boost the economy so that health and educational issues can be solved.


The write-up has been contributed by Khalil Ahmed from Hyderabad, who is a freelance columnist. He can be contacted on

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