Vegan diet may promote healthy aging
ISLAMABAD, July 29 (online): Plant-based diets support healthy aging and could significantly reduce the risk of cardiometabolic diseases, including diabetes and heart disease.
Plant-based diets are becoming increasingly popular. A 2017 report estimated that 6% of U.S. consumers eat a vegan diet, up from just 1% in 2014.
There are many reasons why people choose to adopt a vegan diet, including avoiding harm to animals and mitigating the environmental impact of intensive farming.
A plant-based diet also provides health benefits. This diet is higher in fiber and lower in cholesterol and fat than an omnivorous diet, and it scores higher on the Healthy Eating Index.
A new review of the evidence on plant-based diets suggests that they may also protect against type 2 diabetes and heart disease and could reduce cardiometabolic-related deaths in the U.S.
The review focuses on health in the context of aging, an important topic given that the world’s population is rapidly getting older.
“The global population of adults 60 years old or older is expected to double from 841 million to 2 billion by 2050, presenting clear challenges for our healthcare system,” explains first author Hana Kahleova, M.D., Ph.D., director of clinical research for the PCRM.
Dr. Kahleova and her team reviewed both clinical trials — which researchers perform under controlled conditions, usually to test the effect of a specific intervention on a particular outcome — and epidemiological studies, which follow people over time under normal conditions.
They found evidence that a plant-based diet reduces the risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and coronary heart disease.
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