Friday, June 26th: Osama bin Laden was born on March 10, 1957 in Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia. His full name was Osama bin Muhammad bin Awad bin Laden. His name is on the US list of terrorists. Osama bin Laden was killed on May 1, 2011 in Abbottabad.
Osama bin Laden belonged to the famous bin Laden family of Saudi Arabia. Osama bin Laden is the son of Muhammad bin Awad bin Laden, who was considered one of Shah Faisal’s special friends. Bin Laden’s business is spread throughout the Middle East. According to Osama, his father had set up a multi-million dollar fund to help Imam Mahdi (as) and he continued to manage Imam Mahdi all his life. In an interview, Osama bin Laden said of his father, “Shah Faisal wept over the deaths of two people, one of them was my father Muhammad bin Laden and the other was the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto.
Osama bin Laden received his early education in Saudi Arabia, most notably his MBA from King Abdul Aziz University in Riyadh. Some Western journalists believe that Osama bin Laden had an engineering degree from a London university, but Osama bin Laden’s inner circle refutes this notion.
Osama bin Laden is said to have always had great devotion to the holy Islamic sites, the Masjid al-Haram and the Masjid al-Nabawi. His construction company built these two holy sites during the reigns of Shah Faisal and Shah Fahd. Osama bin Laden is said to have personally taken an interest in the project and completed various expansion projects under his supervision.
Osama bin Laden inherited his religious leanings from his father, Muhammad bin Laden. Osama bin Laden and his family, like the common people of Saudi Arabia, were influenced by the method of Imam Ahmad ibn Hambal and considered the Salaf-e-Salihin of Sheikh Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahab to be the real Islam. At first he lived like an Arab prince, but over time, things changed. He heard the news of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 on Radio Har. Initially, he provided financial support to the Afghan Mujahideen, but after a while, he entered the battlefield without caring about all his wealth and resources. Osama bin Laden, along with Sheikh Abdullah Azeem and other Arab Mujahideen, broke the teeth of Soviet soldiers.
Osama bin Laden brought a large number of Arab Mujahideen to Pakistan, and most of them were based in Peshawar. Meanwhile, Egypt’s ruler, Hosni Mubarak, cracked down on the religious extremist organization Al-Jihad in his country, and many jihadists fled to Pakistan and Afghanistan for jihad, including Ayman al-Zawahiri, one of the leaders was Osama bin Laden.
Initially, Al-Qaeda was present for jihad in Afghanistan through the Arab Mujahideen, but the Afghan Mujahideen considered them cowardly and useless. He believed that in order to save these Arab Mujahideen, the Afghan Mujahideen had to risk their lives. It would not be out of place to say that it was an insignificant organization during the Afghan Jihad that was nothing more than a joke for the Mujahideen.
After the end of the Afghan jihad, Al-Qaeda was largely non-violent at first, but after the Egyptians joined it, Osama bin Laden gradually slipped out of the hands of Abdullah the Great and began to be influenced by Ayman-al-Zawahiri’s ideology.
The Egyptians also assassinated Abdullah Azaam through a conspiracy, after which Ayman-al-Zawahiri and his jihadist organization took complete control of Osama bin Laden and his Al-Qaeda. However, all the money went to Osama bin Laden and Osama was the only person who could raise more money for the organization. Therefore, the presence of Osama was necessary for Ayman-al-Zawahiri.
Gradually, jihad brought Al-Qaeda under its agenda and the organization began to merge into a terrorist group. When Iraq occupied Kuwait in 1990, Saudi Arabia handed over its defense to the United States. Like other extremist clerics, this was unacceptable to Osama. In 1991, Osama moved to Sudan, where an Islamic state was being established after a so-called religious revolution. The new government had numerous economic sanctions, so it made good use of Osama bin Laden’s money. His money was used to improve the country’s economy and in return Osama was given agricultural land on lease.
Al-Qaeda launched its attacks in Muslim countries in 1992 when a bomb exploded at a hotel in the Yemeni city of Aden and Al-Qaeda claimed responsibility. The hotel housed some US troops who were on their way to a peacekeeping mission in Somalia. No US soldier was killed in the attack, but two Austrian tourists were killed.
Al-Qaeda became a violent organization after the bombing. Al-Qaeda, for example, provided training to Somali rebels who killed 18 American soldiers in Mogadishu in 1993. There was also evidence of Al-Qaeda’s involvement in the 1993 attacks on the World Trade Center and the 1995 assassination of Hosni Mubarak. The bomber struck shortly after noon in front of a U.S. National Guard training center in Riyadh.
In 1996, under Saudi and US pressure, Osama bin Laden was expelled from Sudan and fled to Afghanistan. But Al-Qaeda’s attacks intensified. On August 7, 1998, Al-Qaeda simultaneously attacked US embassies in two countries. A bomb blast near the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, has killed at least 213 people and injured more than 4,500. Meanwhile, 11 people were killed and 85 wounded in an attack in the Tanzanian city of Dar-es-Salaam.
Al-Qaeda claimed responsibility for both attacks. Then, on October 12, 2000, an American warship collided with an explosive-laden boat in Yemen, killing 17 and injuring 38. Osama also accepted responsibility.
On September 11, 2001, Osama bin Laden told his comrades in Afghanistan to watch TV. Soon there were reports of attacks. During the attack, Osama was opening his fingers one by one with his fist. He opened the first finger when the first plane crashed, the second finger when the second crashed, then the third finger on the news of the attack on the Pentagon. He sat ready for a long time to open the fourth finger, but his longing remained unfulfilled. The fourth plane, bound for Washington D.C, was attacked by hijackers and crashed into a field in Pennsylvania, killing 2,977 people and injuring more than 25,000.
Osama bin Laden’s mother denies attributing the attack to Osama bin Laden in the United States. She loved him dearly and refused to accuse him. She blames those around Osama for it. She only knew one good guy we all saw, she never saw his jihadi face.
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