Lahore: December 25, 2021, the 146th birth anniversary of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is being celebrated all over the country with great enthusiasm. This year, as every year, the government of Pakistan has declared a public holiday on the occasion of Quaid-e-Azam Day, while various events will be organized to pay homage to Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
He started the Tehreek-e-Pakistan movement to liberate the Muslims of the subcontinent and helped them realize the dream that is Pakistan. The great leader Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born on December 25, 1876. His father’s name was Poonja Jinnah. He was named Muhammad Ali at the time of birth. Special education and training were provided to him by his parents, for which he was sent to a madrassa at the age of six. After that, he was admitted to Gokal Das Tej Primary School for elementary education. Then at the age of fifteen, he passed his matriculation examination from Sindh Madrassat-ul-Islam with high marks. After passing the bar examination in 1892, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah went to London for higher studies.
After becoming a barrister in 1896, he returned to Karachi from London, and in 1902 he moved to Bombay to practice law. Despite facing severe difficulties, Quaid-e-Azam acted with great courage and bravery.
Quaid-e-Azam began his political career by attending the twentieth annual session of the Congress in Bombay in December 1904, at the time, he was a supporter of Hindu-Muslim unity. In 1906 he joined the All India Congress and went on to become a member of the 60-member Imperial Advisory Council. Jinnah was very active in the field of Muslim rights.
In 1913, Muhammad Ali Johar, Syed Wazir Hassan, and other Muslim leaders persuaded him to join the Muslim League. Jinnah was instrumental in persuading the All India Muslim League to amend its constitution by adding suitable self-government under the British Crown. As a result, the Charter of Lucknow came into being. Through the pact, the two parties agreed to allow representation to religious minorities in the provincial legislatures.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the pioneer of unity between the two parties. After the end of World War I, the British government reneged on its promises and enacted a law like the Rowlatt Act, banning political and social activities. The movement was led by Gandhi and was opposed by Quaid-e-Azam in Congress. In the end, the movement failed and in 1920, Quaid-e-Azam separated from the Congress, realizing the Hindu mentality.
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah attended the Second Round Table Conference in London in 1930. It was also attended by Allama Muhammad Iqbal, who in his sermon at the meeting of the Muslim League in Allahabad in 1930, pointed out the establishment of a united Islamic state. This was followed by a meeting between the two leaders in which Allama Iqbal further clarified his views. Disgusted with the politics of the subcontinent, Quaid-e-Azam returned to England.
When Liaquat Ali Khan came to London in 1933, he met Quaid-e-Azam and asked him to return to the subcontinent and lead the Muslims. On his insistence, Jinnah visited the subcontinent in 1934. Quaid-e-Azam mobilized and organized the Muslim League as a party through which he was given the authority to organize and meet with the Muslim League in Bombay in 1935, on which he visited the entire subcontinent. During this visit, Muhammad Ali Jinnah prepared the Muslims for the coming dangers and how to deal with them.
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